Trisomy 21 or Down syndrome

Is a Trisomy 21 diagnosis for life?

Understanding Trisomy 21 & Down syndrome

Trisomy 21, or Down syndrome, is a genetic condition that is caused by the presence of a third copy of chromosome 21 (hence the name Trisomy 21).

Children with Trisomy 21, labeled as having Down syndrome, have a pattern of malformations that are pathogenetically related. It was believed that these genetic problems were the complete explanation as to why these children could not function as well as other children. As a result, it has been assumed that they could not be treated or helped. This is not the case.

The Institutes does not treat the genetic disorder. However, these children are brain-injured as a result of their genetic problems. Those injuries may be mild, moderate, severe, or profound, just as they are in other brain-injured children.

Boy special child
Happy family

Recovering from Trisomy 21

Down syndrome is a label rather than a diagnosis. A proper diagnosis describes where the problem exists, the degree of the problem, and the extent of the problem. It is necessary to treat the brain, where the problem actually exists to be successful.

Parents may wish bring their child to The Institutes. After a detailed history is taken and a careful and thorough evaluation is completed, a diagnosis is made and a home treatment program is designed for each child and carefully taught. The Institutes presents courses for parents where they can learn how to successfully provide enrichment and opportunity at home to help their child progress.

Myths & Facts About Trisomy 21


Myths About Trisomy 21
  • They are incurable due to a genetic abnormality.
  • They will never move, learn, speak or live normally.
  • They are “mentally retarded”.


Our View on Trisomy 21
  • They have neurological problems and can develop like other children.
  • They can live a normal life.
  • They are intelligent.

Trisomy 21 Success Stories

Parents from around the world have helped their children with Down syndrome move along the path to wellness. Using the programs developed by The Institutes, children diagnosed with Down syndrome have been able to improve function and, in many cases, perform at peer level-and above.

Alice – Age 4

Down Syndrome, Trisomy 21
Alice – Age 4
Down Syndrome, Trisomy 21

“We no longer worry about her future as we did. We still do not know what the future holds for Alice, but now we know it is a bright and happy future.”


Down Syndrome, Trisomy 21
Down Syndrome, Trisomy 21

Francesco continues to be an inspiration for the staff of The Institutes and families around the world. He has shown time and time again that Trisomy 21 (Down Syndrome) does not define an individual’s potential.

Maria & Anna – Age 4

Down Syndrome, Trisomy 21
Maria & Anna – Age 4
Down Syndrome, Trisomy 21

At two years of age, Mother began teaching Maria and Anna to read. Today, at four years of age, the twins love to read, and they read every day. They both walk and run two hours daily.

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For Parents of Hurt Children

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